Sherman: A Soldier's Passion For Order

Sherman: A Soldier's Passion For Order❰KINDLE❯ ✽ Sherman: A Soldier's Passion For Order Author John F. Marszalek – This biography of General William Tecumseh Sherman aims to reveal the motives underlying his often controversial actions As well as Sherman's role in the Civil War the book covers other aspects of his This biography of Soldier's Passion PDF/EPUB Â General William Tecumseh Sherman aims to reveal the motives underlying his often controversial actions As well as Sherman's role in the Civil War the book covers other aspects of his life West Point the Gold Rush the construction of the transcontinental railway and.

John F Marszalek Soldier's Passion PDF/EPUB Â is Giles Distinguished Professor Emeritus at Mississippi State University He has served as the Executive Director and Managing Editor of the Ulysses S Grant Association and The Papers of Ulysses S Grant project since .

Sherman: A Soldier's Passion For Order PDF/EPUB Ê
  • Hardcover
  • 635 pages
  • Sherman: A Soldier's Passion For Order
  • John F. Marszalek
  • English
  • 09 April 2016
  • 9780029201350

10 thoughts on “Sherman: A Soldier's Passion For Order

  1. Matt says:

    War is cruelty and you cannot refine it William Tecumseh Sherman addressing the mayor and city council of Atlanta 1864There is many a boy here today who looks on war as all glory but boys it is all hell William Tecumseh Sherman addressing a Grand Army of the Republic encampment at the Ohio State Fair 1880I’ve always found Sherman to be an appealing hero of the Civil War For one he fought for the good guys He was a fierce and ardent Unionist with the talent to match his passion This is no small thing in a war in which all the “great” generals – from Stonewall Jackson to the godlike Robert E Lee – seem to come from the ranks of the Confederacy There is also Sherman’s apparent modernity Everyone likes a prophet and Sherman’s notions of “total war” appear to prefigure the all encompassing conflicts of the 20th century Finally even though Sherman’s animating purpose was violence and even though he made his reputation by using the cruelty of war as an expediting factor Sherman’s best known uotes make him sound like a reluctant almost apologetic warrior He made war but did not love war After completing John Marszalek’s Sherman A Soldier’s Passion for Order I recognize that my conception of the hard eyed red haired general is mostly wrongAccording to my mom I’ve been reading about the Civil War since I was four years old This is however my first dedicated biography on Sherman Thus even though I know all about his military exploits I knew only fragments of his interior life Marszalek’s 499 page treatment fills in all those moments between Sherman’s epic battles with an admirably warts and all approach that gives Sherman his due as a general while also exposing him as an authoritarian crypto Caesar endowed with the worst kind of racial bigotry that the 19th century had to offer When Sherman was born in 1820 he came into a stable world His father was a successful lawyer and onetime justice on the Ohio Supreme Court Nine years later however his father died unexpectedly leaving a widow eleven children and a legacy of debt The Sherman family broke apart with young Tecumseh according to Marszalek the forename William came later following a religious ceremony; initially Sherman was named after the great Shawnee chieftain going to live in the home of prominent and rich attorney Thomas Ewing a stalwart of the Whig party Ewing’s massive shadow loomed over Sherman all his life even after Sherman achieved international acclaim for his martial successes With Ewing’s help Sherman gained admittance to the US Military Academy at West Point where he excelled at his studies and graduated with the class of 1840 While his academics were excellent his comportment left much to be desired Sherman’s military career leading up to the Civil War was undistinguished to say the least Unlike many of his contemporaries Sherman did not find glory in Mexico He was first posted to Florida during the Seminole War but saw no combat Then he went to California where he also saw no combat Finally he uit the Army and became a banker in San Francisco where – as you might have guessed – combat eluded him This opening act of Sherman’s life stands out for its ordinariness There is not a lot of – for lack of a better word – action Despite this I found this the most interesting part of the biography With no battles to describe Marszalek spends a lot of time boring into Sherman’s inner life He focuses especially on Sherman’s marriage to Ellen Ewing the daughter of foster pa Thomas Ellen wanted to live near her dad; over she wanted her husband to take up a job in one of her father’s business concerns Sherman wanted neither; indeed he desired uite the opposite He wanted to get away from the man who’d raised him as a son The relationship between Sherman and Ellen memorialized in letters that Marszalek pores over is utterly fascinating It is amazingly awkward to watch Sherman a celebrated and decisive leader struggle to clarify his basic emotions to his wife Marszalek’s attention to Sherman’s prewar struggles which partially mirrors Ulysses Grant though Grant’s marriage appeared much stronger allows him to define his subject To Marszalek Sherman’s personality can be boiled down to an overriding need for order The death of his biological father his family’s financial disorder the splintering of his family and his vague career prospects after he left the Army instilled within him a visceral aversion to disorganization and uncertainty He wanted control; he wanted things to be just so Without a cause without a war he very well might have been a minor martinet a high strung and average failure in business and love Instead a war came A war that – on the broadest scale possible – threatened the orderliness of Sherman’s world Marszalek’s presentation of Sherman’s war didn’t stand out to me I understand this is biography not military history but Sherman’s fame stems from his generalship Frankly I found that Marszalek never answered the most fundamental uestion of all What made Sherman a great general? Sherman’s participation at Bull Run rates about a paragraph Shiloh is a page or two For the most part there is no discussion or analysis of Sherman’s tactics This is the kind of book that says something like “Sherman fought brilliantly” without ever explaining what that means Did he have an excellent grasp of the terrain? Did he issue really good orders? Had he trained his men to such a degree that they were able to execute his commands? In general these uestions do not get asked much less answered Also there are no maps To be sure you can read this book while looking at maps on your phone; however the absence of maps is telling There are no maps because Marszalek’s battle descriptions are not detailed enough to reuire them The bulk of the Civil War chapters deal with Sherman’s capture of Atlanta his march to Savannah and his subseuent invasion of South Carolina Marszalek does get a bit in depth during these campaigns He is especially good at interpreting Sherman’s psyche regarding the concept of “total war” To Sherman this meant avoiding bloody pitched battles with the opposing army while reducing the ability of the enemy to make war in the first place by destroying its supply base Interestingly Marszalek argues that Sherman’s depredations have been highly inflated by memory and time Even today Sherman is despised in the South as a fire bringing Satan who left a charred and blackened wake as he passed The reality Marszalek argues is that Sherman carefully focused his destruction to meet military exigencies Of course his “bummers” – in actuality elite light cavalry – did do a rather thorough job of foraging Further and surprising to me is that Sherman – despite his reputation for unleashed violence – was a huge Southern sympathizer He had a lot of Southern friends and was than willing to forgive and forget once the war ended See for instance his notorious surrender terms to Joe Johnson It was only the South’s breach of law and order that brought Sherman’s wrath I give Marszalek a lot of credit for his methodical approach to Sherman’s racism A lot of bios about 19th century heroes try to deal with their subject’s racial views in a cursory or passing manner That doesn’t happen here Marszalek returns to this theme time and again as it rears up in Sherman’s life Sherman’s post Civil War years were tumultuous He oversaw the conduct of the Indian Wars rose to become General of the Armies tussled with politicians including a very frightening very Caesar like row with Edwin Stanton worried obsessively about his finances and dallied with women who were not his wife though we do not know whether those flirtations were consummated This is a lot of ground covered in a relatively short space so the material feels rushed I feel like a longer book might have allowed the material to breathe a bit On the other hand no life can be adeuately contained within a single volume An author has to pick and choose the parts of a life to amplify Our heroes are made of marble but humanity comes up from the mud By the end of this I thoroughly disliked Sherman Not simply for his casual bigotry but for his tyrannical instincts and his flagrant disrespect for politicians and the democratic process which I find absolutely terrifying when embodied in an active duty soldier Sherman helped save this country After Lincoln and Grant he might have the third best claim to being the Civil War’s indispensable man He was then in that sense a great man His goodness though is harder to uantify

  2. Jerome says:

    A thorough and engaging biography of Sherman focused on his military career and familial relations In an exhaustive fashion Marszalek examines Sherman’s personality and the book is heavy on psychoanalysis as a result The author argues that Sherman’s personal and tactical decisions can all be traced to a need for order; if this sounds like unbearable psychobabble it’s because it is; there is little real documentary evidence the author can draw upon and his speculation is often unconvincingWhile this stuff can get heavy handed at times the author does succeed in bringing Sherman to life in a matter of fact style The book is still balanced and intriguing although the author pays attention to his relationships with his family than with other officers even with Grant While it does seem like Marszalek often over emphasizes his theme he does a fine job illuminating Sherman’s career character and motivations Those interested in Sherman’s generalship may be disappointed since the Civil War takes up about two hundred or so pages and the section on Sherman’s postwar life comes off as rambling unorganized and unfocusedStill a balanced well written biography overall

  3. Land Murphy says:

    An enjoyable biography of Sherman The first half of the book is superior to the second Once the Civil War ends the book's discussion of later events feels longer than necessary My minor complaints are that the author is prone to injecting his analysis of Sherman's motivations and mindset too freuently and that he often repeats himself including use of the same Sherman uote within the space of a few pages or so it seemed on several occasions Still well worth the read for the Civil War buff The book helped me see Sherman as than just the March to the Sea Civil War general but at the same time it gave me insight and a better appreciation for all of his Civil War exploits

  4. Andhika Padmawan says:

    The complete history of General William Tecumseh Sherman one of the leading generals in the American Civil War 1861 1865 The book told his story from his early days in Lancaster Ohio With sudden death of his father his immediate family shattered and he brought in as a foster child Thomas Ewing a family neighbor and later a Ohio Senator He then studied in West Point and found he enjoyed in the company of his men the cadet and later army After graduation he refused offers to work as civilian and continued to serve as military man in military post in the South and California during the Gold Rush When his economy as soldier didn't improve he tried civilian lives Working as a banker in San Francisco and later in New York But he found he wasn't suited as a banker so he moved on to work as the first superintendent of the newly found Louisiana State Seminary of Learning Military Academy which later became Louisiana State University He enjoyed his job as military college superintendent but then only one year at his post Abraham Lincoln elected as the President of the United States and South Carolina seceded followed by 7 other Southern states He then resigned as superintendent and return to serve as a Union soldier Sherman first tasted the war as commander of a brigade of volunteers He rejected the idea of volunteers in the war as they only there to get paid but without any experience and discipline compared to regular army His first battle was First Battle of Bull Run He was defeated and suffered breakdown that lasted several months exaggerated by press grilling him as insane He found his confidence and companion after he served under Ulysses S Grant in Battle of Shiloh When they were caught off guard by the enemy and counterattacked the Confederates the next day He was defeated at the Battle of Chickasaw Bayou but with General Grant they later were able to capture city of VicksburgAfter the Chattanooga Campaign completed President Lincoln called General Grant East to take command of all the Union armies Grant then appointed Sherman as the head of military leader of Western Theater of the war replacing him He proved to be an adept leader in the battle after captured Atlanta Georgia thus giving President Lincoln a secured winning ticket to his re election His next move was considered as the example of first modern warfare philosophy Sherman's March to the Sea and Carolinas campaign He operated deep in enemy territory without any supplies and only relied on liberal foraging to destroy Confederates military targets and civilian properties and morale thus became an example of modern total war concept This proved substantial as Confederates morale depleted and in April 1865 they surrendered at AppomattoxSherman was a national hero and his life post war focused to secured his legacy during the Civil War He viewed the war necessary to prove the Confederates reason to secede was wrong and all the hardship and destruction suffered by the civilian in the war were the result of their stubbornness But after they surrendered and the war over the animosity must end

  5. Bruce says:

    William T Sherman was the second part of the one two military punch that combination militarycommand along with Ulysses S Grant that Abraham Lincoln needed to win the Civil War His scorched earth policies in the South had a lot to do with winning the war as his western army movedinexorably east Oddly enough he was in sympathy in many ways with the people he conuered His last pre war postwas as superintendent of a southern military academy in Louisiana He had no moral ualms aboutslavery but thought secession was wrong He returned runaway slaves to their owners and refusedthe use of black troopsSherman was born in 1820 in Ohio and whose father died when he was 8 The family split up andyoung Sherman went to live with Thomas Ewing a prominent Whig politician who secured him aWest Point appointment He also married Ellen Ewing Thomas's daughter His whole life he feltsmothered by the Ewings though gratefulAfter Mexican War service in California Sherman eventually resigned the peacetime army and triedhis hand at a number of professions Like his collaborator Grant Sherman returned to the army in1861 His first campaigns in the KentuckyWest Virginia theater were a bust But he was transferred south and his performance under Grant at Shiloh established him He further distinguished himself at the siege of VicksburgAfter Vicksburg Lincoln brought Grant east and Sherman was in overall charge of the western armies His opposite number was Joseph Johnston who was a master at delaying tactics never uite bringing decisive battle Johnston did not get along with President Jefferson Davis whoreplaced Johnston with John Bell Hood Hood gave battle and Sherman beat him decisively Johnston was recalled and Sherman went all the way to the sea and up through the Carolinas Itwas there that he heard of Lee's surrender to Grant He offered generous surrender terms to Johnston but in the wake of the Lincoln assassination theywere repudiated Throughout the Andrew Johnson presidency Sherman stayed very clear of all thecontroversy over Congressional southern Reconstruction and Johnson's impeachmentHe wasn't that happy with his old friend Grant while he was president feeling Grant had becometoo political Sherman was commanding general of the army a post he held until he retired in1886 In 1884 he suelched uite firmly efforts to draft him for president with that famous uotable statement if nominatedI will not run if elected I will not serve He died in 1891If not his tactics for specific battles are studied Sherman's overall strategic sense concerning totalwar is considered sadly a forerunner of 20th century war The man who said war is hell was oneman who did everything he could to make it so

  6. Jennifer says:

    General William Techumseh Sherman is a person who outlived his mortal life and has become an icon of his time A brilliant strategist family man charismatic person Sherman's entire life was influenced by his first 10 years; the death of his father split up of his family and their massive debt left Sherman determined not to repeat his father's mistakes this was to influence every decision he made in his lifetime Mr Marszalek has written a fully researched and enjoyable biography of General Sherman His words make Sherman relatable and human While it is throughly researched this is not one of those scholarly books that is a dry read this book is very interesting and full of the drama of life A wonderful read of an incredible person who was a man of the times he lived in

  7. Louis says:

    An interesting biography that takes a somewhat psychological approach to a commander many people thought was mentally ill at one time Cump Sherman is shown here to be in search of order not only on the battlefield but in his personal life as well

  8. Pj Anderer says:

    Someone gave me this ages ago and eventually I read it Sherman is a fascinating figure down to his refusal to run for president after the war despite a certainty he could win it

  9. R. says:

    Although the author belabors ad nauseam the “passion for order” leitmotif the book is a thorough biography of this complex man

  10. Gerry Germond says:

    or the General Psychoanalyzed The author maintains that Sherman's thoughts and deeds stem from a deep seated need for order in his life and that chaos such as in Southern succession and even anarchy would result without it There is also a need to bring order into his own life; his father died in debt and his mother had to farm out her large brood to ensure their support Cump was taken in by his father's neighbor and good friend Sen Thomas Ewing Sherman was also proud and felt the need to escape the Senator's shadow and make it on his own as he finally did We are presented this analysis as established fact without substantiation It makes sense to be sure but other authors may present different views Fellman Hirshson and Kennett are waiting their turns The General's campaigns are covered but not in great detail I want I appreciated this book's coverage of Sherman's post war career detail than in older works His relations with his missus get uite a bit of detail freuently a contentious marriage but it worked somehow There are two uestions this book nor do Liddell Hart and Lloyd Lewis does not answer One is the so what? uestion on just what the march to the sea accomplished Sure many Georgia and South Carolina boys may have deserted Lee's army not that winter in the Petersburg lines was a barrel of fun in the first place; but what was its actual impact on the war besides good press? The other was how did Sherman wind up as the #2 guy in the Western Theater so early? He had left the Army and there were other officers who had not so was Anderson's influence really all it took perhaps Sherman's adoptive father's influence helped? Overall a good read if not the in depth Civil War look one may want

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