Franz Kafka was one of the major fiction writers of the 20th century He was born to a middle class German speaking Jewish family in Prague, Bohemia presently the Czech Republic , Austria Hungary His unique body of writing much of which is incomplete and which was mainly published posthumously is considered to be among the most influential in Western literature.His stories include The Metamorphosis 1912 and In the Penal Colony 1914 , while his novels are The Trial 1925 , The Castle 1926 and Amerika 1927.Kafka s first language was German, but he was also fluent in Czech Later, Kafka acquired some knowledge of the French language and culture one of his favorite authors was Flaubert.Kafka first studied chemistry at the Charles Ferdinand University of Prague, but switched after two weeks to law This offered a range of career possibilities, which pleased his father, and required a longer course of study that gave Kafka time to take classes in German studies and art history At the university, he joined a student club, named Lese und Redehalle der Deutschen Studenten, which organized literary events, readings and other activities In the end of his first year of studies, he met Max Brod, who would become a close friend of his throughout his life, together with the journalist Felix Weltsch, who also studied law Kafka obtained the degree of Doctor of Law on 18 June 1906 and performed an obligatory year of unpaid service as law clerk for the civil and criminal courts.Kafka s writing attracted little attention until after his death During his lifetime, he published only a few short stories and never finished any of his novels, unless The Metamorphosis is considered a short novel Prior to his death, Kafka wrote to his friend and literary executor Max Brod Dearest Max, my last request Everything I leave behind me in the way of diaries, manuscripts, letters my own and others , sketches, and so on, is to be burned unread Brod overrode Kafka s wishes, believing that Kafka had given these directions to him specifically because Kafka knew he would not honor them Brod had told him as much Brod, in fact, would oversee the publication of most of Kafka s work in his possession, which soon began to attract attention and high critical regard.Max Brod encountered significant difficulty in compiling Kafka s notebooks into any chronological order as Kafka was known to start writing in the middle of notebooks, from the last towards the first, etc.All of Kafka s published works, except several letters he wrote in Czech to Milena Jesensk , were written in German.
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- 23 January 2018 Franz Kafka