✮ The Two Powers Books ✰ Author Brett Edward Whalen – Bluevapours.co.uk Historians commonly designate the High Middle Ages as the era of the papal monarchy when the popes of Rome vied with secular rulers for spiritual and temporal supremacy Indeed in many ways the story o Historians commonly designate the High Middle Ages as the era of the papal monarchy when the popes of Rome vied with secular The Two PDF \ rulers for spiritual and temporal supremacy Indeed in many ways the story of the papal monarchy encapsulates that of medieval Europe as often remembered a time before the modern age when religious authorities openly clashed with emperors kings and princes for political mastery of their world claiming sovereignty over Christendom the universal community of Christian kingdoms churches and peoplesAt no point was this conflict widespread and dramatic than during the papacies of Gregory IX and Innocent IV Their struggles with the Hohenstaufen Emperor Frederick II echoed in the corridors of power and the court of public opinion ranging from the battlefields of Italy to the streets of Jerusalem In The Two Powers Brett Edward Whalen has written a new history of this combative relationship between the thirteenth century papacy and empire Countering the dominant trend of modern historiography which focuses on Frederick instead of the popes he redirects our attention to the papal side of the historical euation By doing so Whalen highlights the ways in which Gregory and Innocent acted politically and publicly realizing their priestly sovereignty through the networks of communication performance and documentary culture that lay at the uniue disposal of the Apostolic SeeCovering pivotal decades that included the last major crusades the birth of the Inuisition and the unexpected invasion of the Mongols The Two Powers shows how Gregory and Innocent's battles with Frederick shaped the historical destiny of the thirteenth century papacy and its role in the public realm of medieval Christendom.
- 328 pages
- The Two Powers
- Brett Edward Whalen
- 12 April 2014 Brett Edward Whalen