A Compact And Accessible Edition Of Hume S Political And Moral Writings With Essays By A Distinguished Set Of Contributors A Key Figure Of The Scottish Enlightenment, David Hume Was A Major Influence On Thinkers Ranging From Kant And Schopenhauer To Einstein And Popper, And His Writings Continue To Be Deeply Relevant Today With Four Essays By Leading Hume Scholars Explori
David Hume was a Scottish historian, philosopher, economist, diplomat and essayist known today especially for his radical philosophical empiricism and scepticism.In light of Hume s central role in the Scottish Enlightenment, and in the history of Western philosophy, Bryan Magee judged him as a philosopher widely regarded as the greatest who has ever written in the English language While Hume failed in his attempts to start a university career, he took part in various diplomatic and military missions of the time He wrote The History of England which became a bestseller, and it became the standard history of England in its day.His empirical approach places him with John Locke, George Berkeley, and a handful of others at the time as a British Empiricist.Beginning with his A Treatise of Human Nature 1739 , Hume strove to create a total naturalistic science of man that examined the psychological basis of human nature In opposition to the rationalists who preceded him, most notably Ren Descartes, he concluded that desire rather than reason governed human behaviour He also argued against the existence of innate ideas, concluding that humans have knowledge only of things they directly experience He argued that inductive reasoning and therefore causality cannot be justified rationally Our assumptions in favour of these result from custom and constant conjunction rather than logic He concluded that humans have no actual conception of the self, only of a bundle of sensations associated with the self.Hume s compatibilist theory of free will proved extremely influential on subsequent moral philosophy He was also a sentimentalist who held that ethics are based on feelings rather than abstract moral principles, and expounded the is ought problem.Hume has proved extremely influential on subsequent western philosophy, especially on utilitarianism, logical positivism, William James, the philosophy of science, early analytic philosophy, cognitive philosophy, theology and other movements and thinkers In addition, according to philosopher Jerry Fodor, Hume s Treatise is the founding document of cognitive science Hume engaged with contemporary intellectual luminaries such as Jean Jacques Rousseau, James Boswell, and Adam Smith who acknowledged Hume s influence on his economics and political philosophy Immanuel Kant credited Hume with awakening him from dogmatic slumbers.
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- 408 pages
- David Hume on Morals, Politics, and Society (Rethinking the Western Tradition)
- David Hume
- 01 September 2018 David Hume